BRAZILIAN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, IT’S FEDERALISM AND INEFFICIENCY: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Júlio Freitas Konrad, Marcelo De Sá Mendes, Marina Gondin Ramos, Ronaldo Neves De Moura Filho

Resumo


Brazil has a specific kind of bottom-up federalism which public power is located in the autonomy of the free individuals. As DELLAVALLE5 argues: In Hobbes’s vision, power is ascending to the extent that it is no longer seen as an element that the given political authority deduces from divine law or from its own alleged natural superiority. Rather, it arises from the original freedom and independence of individuals, who create the sovereign authority by an act of free will, i.e., by transferring their rights to the newly established public power in order to ensure an adequate protection of the individual entitlements on the basis of the legitimacy emanating from the same fundament of social order. Brazilian federalism was institutionalized by the 1891 Constitution, inspired by United States federalism, however it is far more centralized than it is in Canada or in the United States. It was very important to maintain its national unity. In this sense, ROSENN6 when explaining the adoption of federalism in Brazil argues that.

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